Here in my ophthalmology practice at Westchester Health, I often have patients come to me complaining about dry eyes, a common and often chronic problem, particularly in older adults. Dry eye disease (also called keratoconjunctivitis sicca) is a condition in which a person doesn’t have enough natural tears to lubricate and nourish the eye.
Do you like the color of your eyes? Do you wish it was different? Do you wonder what color your children’s eyes will be? Here at Westchester Health, we get these kinds of questions all the time, especially from our younger patients, so we thought we’d create a blog explaining the fascinating subject of eye color.
A detached retina is a serious condition that could possibly cause vision loss in that eye, and occurs when the retina becomes separated from its underlying supportive tissue. If the retina gets torn, the fluid inside the eye can leak underneath and separate the retina from its underlying tissue. Because the retina cannot function when these layers are detached, it needs to be reattached as soon as possible or permanent vision loss can result. I tell all of my patients that if they experience any of the symptoms of a detached retina, they should not wait but come see me, or another eye doctor, immediately.
Do you have trouble distinguishing between red and green? Do you confuse the colors blue and purple? Do many of the crayons in a box look the same? If you answered yes to any (or all) of these, you may be color blind.
Ironically, one of the clearest signs that you might need glasses is the inability to read an actual sign. However, there are many other clues that can reveal if your eyesight needs correcting with glasses (or contact lenses). As I frequently tell my patients who aren’t thrilled to be needing glasses, roughly 60% of the world’s population requires vision correction and 80% of all visual impairment can be avoided or corrected.
At Westchester Health, we often see older patients who have developed glaucoma, a condition that causes damage to the eye’s optic nerve and unfortunately, may get worse over time. Linked to a buildup of pressure inside the eye, glaucoma tends to be genetic and may not show up until later in life. This increased pressure, called intraocular pressure, can damage the optic nerve. If the damage continues, glaucoma can lead to permanent vision loss.
Without treatment, glaucoma can cause total permanent blindness within a few years. Less common causes include a blunt or chemical injury to your eye, severe eye infection, blocked blood vessels inside the eye and inflammatory conditions. Glaucoma usually affects both eyes, but it may be worse in one than the other.
Do you think you may have a cataract? Maybe two? If so, you wouldn’t be alone. Nearly 26 million Americans over the age of 40 have cataracts, and this number is estimated to almost double in the next 20 years. While the only way to remove cataracts is surgery, the best time to have cataract surgery is each patient’s personal decision.
Over the last several years, the vision-correcting procedure known as LASIK has become very popular and a lot of my patients ask for it. While the thought of having a laser pointed at your eye may seem scary for some people, in reality, laser eye surgery is an easy, safe, relatively painless and FDA-approved procedure. Are you a good candidate for LASIK? Before you decide to have this procedure, here are some important points to consider so you can make as informed a decision as possible.
When patients come into my office with red, bloodshot eyes, chances are they’ve got pink eye. A lot of people think that pink eye (conjunctivitis) occurs mainly in children, but actually anyone can get it. Yes, preschoolers and schoolchildren are particularly at risk, but college students, teachers, daycare workers, kids in summer camp and those in the military are also highly susceptible, due to their close proximity with each other.
Your eyesight is one of your most valuable assets. Because maintaining the health of your eyes is so important, here are the Top 10 most common issues people experience with their eyes. If any of these apply to you, please see an ophthalmologist as soon as possible before the condition threatens your eyesight.